Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) is native to southwest India; major producers of black pepper essential oil are India, Malaysia, China, Indonesia and Madagascar. In ancient times, pepper was one of the most valuable spices; it has been used in the Far East for over 4,000 years and in Europe since at least the fifth centuryIt is one of the most common spices added to food. It has been used as a spice in food since prehistoric times. Black pepper is most often used as a spice and seasoning. Black pepper is widely used in most parts of the world. It has many medicinal benefits. The pepper plant is a woody vine that produces the fruit called the peppercorn from which black pepper is made.
Black pepper is a rich source of minerals like manganese, copper, magnesium, calcium, phosphorous, iron, potassium, and vitamins like riboflavin, vitamin C, K, and B6. Black pepper has a high content of dietary fiber and has a moderate amount of protein and carbohydrates too.
Black pepper was believed to treat and cure constipation, diarrhea, earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver and lung disease, sunburn, and toothaches.